Organic and Non-Organic Farming

Organic and Non-Organic Farming are two completely different approaches in the agriculture farming industry which possess obvious differences between them. Organic Farming is a natural beneficial way of sustainable field crop farming which is highly essential for a healthy and eco-friendly environment to cultivate delicious nutritious vitamins and minerals enriched yield food crops for customers. It contains all essential factors such as green manure, composting, crop rotation, biological pest control, mulching, and intercropping. Non-Organic Farming is a harmful conventional way of quickly growing crops for the purpose of the increase in quantity in a short span of time. It employs all hazardous practices such as artificial synthetic chemical fertilizers and pesticides which provide severe damage to soil and make it less fertile to grow yield crops. The following are the comparative differences between organic and non-organic farming practices:

Crop Yield

Crop Yield is an essential factor to determine the amount of crop produced in an entire year of farming. The organic farming practice provides limitations of producing a larger quantity of crops due to the high nutritional value of soil. Conventional farming has the capability to produce maximum yield crops by means of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers to grow more crops in a less period of time.

Eco-Friendly Environment

The environment plays a vital role in better-nourished farming crops with good soil fertility. Organic farming is extremely beneficial for a healthy safer eco-friendly environment to help make fertile soil to produce nutrients enriched food crops. On the contrary, Conventional farming is really bad for the environment and causes adverse global effects like global warming and climate change which are disastrous for the farming industry.

Soil Health and Nutrition

Soil Health and Nutrition are core elements of farming which can result in better crop production with increased nutritional value.  Organic farming is a good practice for enhancing soil conditions with more productive fertility by means of crop rotation which helps cultivate fresh root-soil with mixed nutrients such as minerals and vitamins to provide delicious food crops for customers. On the other hand, Non-Organic farming destroys a soil condition with erosion and makes soil much dry and barren with the use of chemicals leaving no more chance of land cultivation for many years. By comparing both of the above farming practices, we see more beneficial features in the organic way of farming in terms of health, environment, and food safety. It has now become a positive trend to shift to organic farming to have a healthy better lifestyle with homemade delicious diet food.

How to Do Organic Farming

Organic farming is a complete process of naturally growing, composting, fertilizing, and harvesting yield crops for farmers with storage, processing, packaging, and shipping. It is a healthy alternative in farming without the use of synthetic fertilizers and helps maintains soil fertility by properly rotating crops to mix the maximum amount of nutrients into the soil for a delicious food diet. Moreover, it also helps control weeds, pesticides, and diseases by using animal livestock husbandry techniques. It provides a complete procedure of natural farming which involves vermicompost soil which means the breakdown of vegetables and food waste. Green leaf manure is ideal for softening and fertilizing soil for good soil cultivation. It is included with green leaves, grass clipping, and mulch. It helps improve soil structure and also increases water holding capacity with an east reduction of weeds and pests. Soil Management is a process of managing and protecting the long-term fertility of soils by maintaining organic matter levels, encouraging soil biological activity, and careful mechanical intervention.   The following methods are used for organic farming:

Crop Rotation

Crop Rotation is the process of rotating and systematically planting of crops in an arranged order to help maintain nutrients in the soil. It also helps reduces soil erosion and prevents plant diseases and pests. It provides proper row by row root seed planting with improved soil structure and fertility for growing and harvesting all kinds of food crops.

Soil Composting

Soil Composing is an essential part of organic farming and a key ingredient for healthy organic soil. It is a process of decomposition and recycling of waste food particles for the purpose of soil enhancement by boosting nutrient value into the soil for excellent fertility.

Mulching

Mulching is a covering layer on the surface of the soil to help conserve soil moisture, reduce weed growth, and improve the fertile health of the soil. Some of the essential mulching materials are weeds, crop residues, grass, cutting from hedges, and waste from agriculture processing.

Bio Fertilizer

Bio Fertilizer is an eco-friendly process of agro fertilization which is beneficial for organic farming as it contains dormant cells of microorganism means of fixing the availability of nutrients in the soil and causing improvement infertility of the soil.  It also maintains the natural habitat of soil by increasing yield crop by 20 percent and stimulates plant growth. Moreover, it can also help provide prevention against droughts and soil-borne diseases.

Agriculture and Climate Change

Agriculture is an essential source of producing and supplying food to the mass majority of people from the rural to the urban cities of the world. It involves a complete process of mechanized field tractor farming on a small and large area of arable land such as fertilizing, irrigating, crop rotating, seed planting, and crop harvesting, etc. This whole process requires a suitable amount of climate and weather conditions for organically growing field crops as a little bit change in climate can bring an unexpected disaster and badly damage field crops which can cause a huge financial loss for farmers with an increase in poverty and hunger. There is a strong relationship between agriculture and climate and a good combination of harmony can bring a positive change in flourishing agriculture all around the world because a majority of the countries today are entirely or partially dependent on a stable agriculture economy with a purpose to better fulfill the growing requirement of food and hunger on a global scale. The change of climate is caused by plenty of reasons such as global warming and greenhouse gas emissions. These two are major factors in depleting an ozone layer by widening a gap to emit harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun which is a real cause of changing weather conditions with increasing intensity of heat and cold in many parts of the world. The Greenhouse Gases include Carbon Di Oxide, Methane, and nitrous oxide which are extremely hazardous for environmental pollution and increase heat warming in the world. Deforestation is also a serious reason for climate change which can put negative impacts on the environment which can lead to adverse consequences for agriculture and badly damage yield crops such as excessive rainfall, drought, a rise in sea levels, melting of ice glaciers, and heavy stormwater cyclones. Tree plantation is the best remedy to reduce global warming as trees and forests provide a true shade in the heat and are helpful in generating an abundant source of fresh oxygen for a healthy eco-friendly environment. Organic farming is another beneficial way to help reduce global warming to the maximum extent and it also helps in producing natural healthy bio-diversity nutritious genetically modified food crops. GM Crops provide the best solution for tackling food security issues prevailing in the world by means of taking DNA Genes from plants to reproduce another plant of the same matching characteristics to help provide pest control and drought resistance with healthy fertile soil.

Farm Vehicles Used for Agriculture Farming

Farm Vehicles are mechanized vehicles mainly used for agriculture farming and ranching purposes. In the modern technological era of today, it is now a better practice for global farmers to save time and effort and use mechanized farming equipment which provides an extreme level of task efficiency with an increase of productivity. Following are some of the essential farm vehicles,

Tractor

The primary use of tractor on the farm is to basically carry goods from one place to another place. A chicken poultry farm can use a tractor to carry the eggs and meat and other processed products either to the market or to the end-user. Using a tractor for this operation has two core reasons, one is that tractor can pull a lot more weight compared to a vehicle, and secondly, it can also be used for the farming at the same time so the tractor is two in one machinery which can perform multiple tasks while being economically feasible to keep and maintain. Apart from essential farming tasks, a tractor has many different usages in vegetable farms, fruit orchard farms, crop farms, and home gardening for lawn mowing purposes. Different kinds of implements are also attached with a farm tractor for maximizing efficiency and ease of operation such as loaders, discs, ploughs, and harrows for executing multiple tasks in an instant manner.

Trailer

The trailer serves a basic purpose of towing attachment with a tractor in farming for easily transporting stuff to any area in a whole farm. It can be attached to any kind of tractor and used in carrying a bulk amount of goods from one place to another. 

Tipping Trailer

Farm Tipping Trailer provides the best usage in transporting soil, sand, hay, fertilizers, wood, and timber from a single place to another in a farm area. It offers ease of loading and hydraulic lifting capacity of a bulk amount of goods. Moreover, it also serves the purpose of green waste garbage collection and provides a towing attachment as an implement of a tractor.

Farm Trolley

Farm Trolley is a farming vehicle used for carrying goods from one place to another. It provides easy towing capacity with tractor attachment and transports a large amount of stuff. It can be easily moved around on a farm to any area and used in multiple farming applications. Farming Vehicles are designed to save time and labor effort and attached with a tractor for moving goods to any place in a specified farm area. These are tractor attached towing implements for carrying farming goods with much ease of loading capacity.

Different Types of Soils

Soil plays an integral role in the entire process of farming which is to provide natural eco-friendly physical and biological environmental factors for living organisms such as air, moisture, temperature, and light. The core factor of soil is to provide the proper provision of food for all living species in the globe and basically made up of minerals, water, organic components, gases, and microorganisms. The major characteristics of the soil are food crop production, plant growth, aeration, habitat for animals, and also helps in better managing water and nutrient resources in agriculture farming.

Types Of Soil In Farming

There are 6 essential types of soils in farming, which will be discussed in detail as below:

Loamy Soil

Loamy Soil is made of a true combination of sandy, silty, and clay soil and considered the perfect choice for gardening cultivation. It easily absorbs and holds water with good fertility for vegetation due to the high amount of rich nutrients with easy passing through of air.  There are many popular vegetables and plant species that can be easily grown with loamy soil such as Tomatoes, Carrots, Potatoes, Roses, Marigolds, and Zinnias.

Sandy Soil

Sandy Soil is a dry kind of soil with having a nutrient deficiency and fast-draining capability with quick growth for plants and prevents them from root decay. It is basically composed of granular materials such as small powdery rock and mineral particles and ideal for crops such as watermelons, peaches, and peanuts. It is formed as a result of the decomposition of various kinds of rocks for instance granite, limestone, shale, and quartz. It is mostly found in warm climate regions as close to the sea and absorbs more heat and less moisture.

Silty Soil

Silty Soil is a fine combination of sand and clay and created by the chemical and physical weathering of rocks which are mainly composed of quartz and feldspar, and sedimentary rock such as silt-stone. It is considered as the highly fertile soil and can easily absorb water with a retaining capacity for a longer time. It is normally found close to the streams and rivers because of quickly carried with water with a hard crusty texture. It contains nutrients better for the cultivation of crops with better moisture for easy filling and draining purposes.

Clay Soil

Clay Soil is composed of finely grained smallest soil particles which do not allow deep penetration of air through them. It possesses a better absorbing capacity of water with more amount of nutrients ideal for the excellent growth of plants. The clay soil is also wet and dry, the wet soil is heavy and becomes difficult to cultivate, while dry clay soil is soft and smooth and easy for plantation. There are plenty of vegetables that are best grown in clay soil such as broccoli, red and green cabbage, cauliflower, potato, pea, and bean.

Peaty Soil

Peaty Soil is made up of organic decomposition of an assemblage of plants and mostly found in natural areas such as moors, bogs, and peat-lands. It is an acidic kind of soil that is dark brown in color because of the high amount of nutrients and water. It has the capability to keep well-growing plant roots and prevents them from rain and also prevents from plants diseases.

Chalky Soil

Chalky soil is a basic soil composed of calcium carbonate, lime, and rocks. It usually requires a lot of water and fertilizer with having a difficulty in the growth of plants due to a high level of alkaline properties with a deficiency of iron and magnesium. It also becomes dry in summers and not considered ideal for plantation. These Different Kinds of Soils provide a variation in terms of texture, color, and capability to hold water and nutrients for growing multiple varieties of vegetables and plants with ease and difficulty in cultivation.

How To Increase Agriculture Farming While Using Tractors

How did the tractor improve agriculture?

tractor improve agriculture

Tractors are agricultural farming machines that have simply revolutionized the way of farming by making it more efficient and convenient. Today, there is much more ease for farmers than decades back when the traditional oxen cart method was used where there was two bullocks (oxen) were tied by a 4-wheeled wooden cart and forcefully used to drag it forward for the core purpose of plowing on fields. Modern tractor farming has brought a radical change in field farming by transforming the old conventional method of manual oxen farming into mechanization. It has reduced human effort to a maximum level and brought ease of comfort with more productivity in less time. Nowadays, tractors offer multiple uses and implementations for farmers to perform their task much effectively. There are plenty of benefits of increasing agriculture farming with the help of mechanized tractors:

Increased Crop Production

Maximizing Crop Production is the first and foremost benefit of agricultural mechanization as it greatly helps farmers to yield an increased amount of crops with less cost of labor. The cutting cost has provided a true advantage of quick task execution by saving a lot of money on extra manpower.

Better Productivity

Productivity is the essential element in agriculture farming where performance is increased by double with a rate of better efficiency of task execution and maximum crop production. Now, a farmer can easily cover a wide area of land for plowing, tilling, cultivating, planting, fertilizing, and seeding tasks.

Durability and Versatility

Durability and Versatility are two integral factors that cause more amount of work with longer hours of tractor working capability and performing a variety of tasks on a single machine. Implements attachment helps create a versatile mechanized task performance in less time for farmers.

Time-Saving

Time-Saving is a key reason for using tractor farming as it helps saves a lot of time and performs tasks in a few minutes which were used to be done in hours. It has simplified complex tasks with ease of efficiency for farmers. It has maximized results with the finest quality plowing, reaping, and crop cultivation.

Low Cost of Production

Tractor Farming has helped decreased the cost of work with less manpower labor and more efficient task output performance. It has rapidly increased the income of farmers by making them more prosperous than ever before. Tractors provide a lot of help in increasing farming productivity by doing complex tedious tasks in an easy and effective manner. It is built with a robust compact design with the dynamic powered engine to forcefully pull heavy loads with hydrostatic and power shift transmission for a smooth plough on the agricultural land field.

Crops of Africa – Agriculture Farming

The Vast Arable Land of Africa has long been an origin of producing diverse variations of crops which have been exported to global customers worldwide. Today, it provides feed to the largely growing population of the African continent by means of mechanized agricultural farming covering a wide area of land for cultivating all different kinds of cereal, vegetable, and fruit cash crops. There are countless species of crops grown on African land mainly cultivated crops are named as Sorghum Bicolor, Yam, Millet, Maize, and Cassava. Sorghum Bicolor is a native African field crop originated from Nigeria and better known as Camel of Crops because of the reason of commonly planted in tropical dry soil as well as good temperature and high altitude environment. It highly contributes to providing high-quality nutritious feed for 500 million people in more than 30 countries all around the world. This edible staple food crop is beneficially used for animal fodder such as poultry and cattle feed.

As a high nutritional value human food diet, it is used as an excellent resource of a fulfilled meals such as porridge, couscous, fermented bread, and snacks fully enriched with proteins, zinc, iron, phosphorous, and vitamin B –Complex. Yam is a kind of tropical tuber root crop having a cylindrical shape and rounded ends mostly cultivated in central, western, and eastern African regions. It is a largely grown crop in Sub-Saharan Africa with 54 million tons and mostly produced in Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Cote D’Ivoire. It helps in increasing soil fertility by means of weather conditions, seed quality, planting density, and many other related factors. It offers multi-nutritional value in food such as potassium, vitamin b6, manganese, thiamin, and vitamin C.

The Yam prepared meals are Amala, Pounded Yam, Fried Yam, Palm Oil Yam, and Roasted Yam. Some other popular Yam Varieties are White Yam, Chinese Yam, Bitter Yam, and Cush-Cush Yam. Millet is a whole cereal grain crop ideally used for both human food and animal fodder. It is mostly grown in the semi-arid tropical areas of Africa especially in Nigeria, Mali, Sudan, Ethiopia, Senegal, and Burkina Faso. It is a small-grained warm weather cereal food staple crop that is highly tolerant to drought and requires extreme weather conditions for cultivation.

The widely grown millet crop is pearl millet some other famous crop species are finger millet, proso millet, and foxtail millet. It contains an excellent nutritional value and mainly used in multiple varieties of food cuisines such as millet porridge. Maize is a cereal grain crop mostly planted in cold-tolerant temperature zones especially in the spring season. It has a shallow root system and basically dependent on soil moisture as a water-efficient crop. It is also commonly known as corn which is a highly beneficial edible food meal for humans composed of a rich amount of nutrients and used in corn oil, popcorn, sweet corn, corn flakes (breakfast cereal), porridge, snacks, and gluten-free bread. Some other commercial uses are herbal supplements, plastics, fabrics, adhesives, and biofuels.

Cassava is a highly valuable tropical root cash crop that provides a major source of food dietary energy from its starch. Africa produces 93 percent of the cassava in the world which is the highest consumed proportion of global cassava production. It is widely used in food, flour, animal feed, textile, and prepared foods. It is an essential food crop for both rural and urban populations of Sub-Saharan Africa such as Nigeria, Mozambique, Zambia, Congo, Ghana, Malawi, and Tanzania. It can be consumed as Root Cassava, Dried Cassava, and Cassava Leaves and contains a source of nutrients like Carbohydrates, Fiber, Thiamin, Phosphorous, iron, vitamin C, Potassium, Zinc, and Calcium. These are all essential food crops natively produced on African Land and helps provide food fulfills the challenging demand of the growing population of the country to have a healthy nutritious diet food.

Hand Tractor for Cultivating

What is hand tractor in agriculture?

Hand Tractor is a manually operated tractor tilling machine used for cultivating a bigger area of land. It is also popularly known as power tiller which is attached with high powered motorized horsepower engine 2-wheel tractor controlled by an operating person walking behind it for propelling a tractor ahead. It is a single axle walking type handheld tractor designed for performing difficult laborious farming chores such as turning, aerating, and cultivating the soil for easy planting crops and offers a tremendous capacity of preparing about 1 hectare of land in 8 to 10 hours of the specified time.

In which year the concept of power tiller was introduced?

Hand-Held Power Tiller was initially introduced in the year 1920 and later on launched in Japan in 1947 with a basic core purpose of aerating and preparing the soft fertile productive soil for harvesting with maximum yield crops. It is built with sets of sharp-edged blades known as tines composed of four curving cutting blades in opposite directions which are mounted on a gasoline or electric motor powered tractor for deeply piercing inside a lumpy clogged soil for rotating and inverting it to make a smooth and soft soil surface for easy plantation.

How do the tractor tilling machines help in farming?

The basic idea is to prepare nutrient-enriched fertile soil for growing crops for a healthy meal for customers. This multi-purpose light-duty hand tractor power tiller can be used for versatile agriculture farming task operations such as plow discs, soil leveler, thresher, and trailers. The core benefits of hand power tiller are an expansion of cultivable land, improved farming operations with ease of task execution, time-saving for farmers with less labor exhaustion, and more task efficiency. It provides key functions of tilling, loosening, ridging, furrowing, weeding, digging, cultivating, and can be used for any kind of hard, soft, moist, muddy, and paddy soil field. Moreover, it can help in growing a huge variety of crops such as tea, bamboo, banana, corn, potato, coconut, tomato, tapioca, and vegetables with a wide export market demand in Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Central Africa, and South America.

Hand Tractor is an easy to use tool ideal for agriculture farmers to smoothly perform all kinds of farming operations with no more exhaustion. It provides a lot of efficiencies and executes tasks quickly in less period of time. It is the best choice for all farmers around the world for easily performing difficult farming tasks with a high-performance electric power engine for quality yield crop plantation for better productivity.

Food Shortage By 2050

Food Shortage has always been a critical issue in poor underdeveloped countries in which people are deprived of a single bite even today. As the population is currently rising at a fast pace, it will soon reach 9.7 billion by 2050. The majority of the world population is presently suffering from chronic hunger and facing an acute challenge to double food production growth capacity in order to properly meet the growing demand of people with a healthy nutritious diet.

Agriculture farming is a valuable source of growing quality crops and today’s Farmers are much worried about how to increase their per-acre land yield productivity for maximizing food production for feeding more and more people in the world.

Global food security is becoming a serious threat nowadays and we need to devise sustainable agriculture farming strategies to tackle this complicated issue. Famine is a commonly used term to exactly describe a large-scale huge amount of insufficiency of food which causes severe sickening conditions such as starvation and malnutrition among people.

Population and Poverty are inter-related factors that are the main causes of a shortfall of food in the world. It seems like a herculean task to reduce hunger and equally distribute food among 8 billion people which will rapidly increase to 11 billion by 2050. Food Aid Programs by United Nations are appreciable practices in order to feed deprived people to have a healthy nutritious diet. To grow maximum crops, there must be a large extended area of arable agriculture land which is highly difficult to access nowadays due to natural disasters, urbanization, land grabbing, and many other factors.

Land Productivity is also a definite cause of food shortage as most of the land is barren due to the shortage of water resources which are the main elements of fertile productive soil for yield crops. Wastage of Food also causes severe scarcity of food which is a common practice among people nowadays. The leftover food should not be wasted unless rotten and should be eaten up to avoid useless loss of food which can cause a serious deficit in the future. We can consume fresh food on daily basis in small quantities and not cook more excess food which cannot be eaten and go to waste. Almost 1.3 billion tons of food is wasted every year which is which could lead to a huge crisis in the future so we must overcome this wastage by utilizing leftover food in a useful way.

Climate and Agriculture are perfectly inter-related to each other as little variation in climate cause a strong impact on agriculture which requires better weather conditions for healthy crop production. Change in Climate is affected by certain harmful environmental factors such as greenhouse gases depleting the ozone layer and causing global warming which is a reason for intensifying heat and cold weather in the world. The rising temperature of heat is melting the arctic glaciers which are creating a natural disaster like floods and droughts in many countries of the world to ruin their agricultural land and badly destroy crops and livestock creating an acute shortage of food on a global level. Inorganic fertilizers and pesticides are also a major cause of climatic change which provides adverse effects on nature.

Mechanized Farming is a significant way to easily overcome food shortage because it helps in faster efficient farming techniques to produce more yield crops on a large area of arable land to get fertile productive results on an instant basis. It provides more land cultivation in less amount of time to help grow quality crops which provide feed for billions of people all around the world. It is a really wise option to adopt mechanized agriculture farming for maximizing yield crops and earning a better livelihood for farmers as it lessens the burden of labor with ease of farming operations.

Food Shortage is a global issue that is growing at a worrisome rate the need is to implement wise strategic practices to increase the amount of nutrition enriched food to feed 11 billion people with a bellyful healthy meal diet. In the modern technological era of today, it is utmost necessary to employ the latest innovative farming techniques to provide food abundance for a growing world population for a better healthy future tomorrow.

Future Of Agriculture In Africa

Africa is foreseeing a rising future in the agriculture sector with having a young workforce and a huge area of cultivable arable land for farm plowing. There are many regions that possess large hectares of uncultivated land such as the Republic of Congo, Angola, Zambia, Cameroon, Mozambique, Gabon, Sudan, and Tanzania. This country will strongly rely on agriculture production for providing food security and boosting the economy by employing the latest methods of innovative farming.   The local agriculture sector has a diversity of areas to flourish in such as crop production, horticulture, animal production, and dairy farming, etc. African youth will have ample opportunities in field farming with the rapid increase of employment prospects for them. There are growing numbers of next-generation young-age Africans about 15-24 years who will get not remain unemployed with more agriculture development in the country especially in regions of Rwanda, Burkina Faso, and Ethiopia will see a quick reduction in human poverty. The fresh labor workforce will help provide a rising trend in farm productivity with increased efficiency performance and better crop soil production. Below is the SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) Analysis of the future of agriculture in Africa:

Strengths

  • Maize crop will have an uprise growth trend to provide the food supply for the mass majority of the African country.
  • White Maize will have a significant potential for export production in the region of Southern Africa.
  • Small Holders farming will flourish with an integral role in African agriculture.
  • Africa has a low-cost farming production which provides high yield crops with increased irrigation, and better utilization of fertilizers.
  • The tropical climate of the country is highly favorable for the plantation of different variations of fruits and vegetables.

Weaknesses

  • The Soil System of Africa is composed of less essential nutrients.
  • The average crop yield is one ton per hectare.
  • African agriculture is not yet developed with advanced modes of farming mechanization.
  • Farmers are not much capable to perform planting and harvesting due to financial restrictions.
  • Small Scale farmers have a shortage of reach to modern farming technologies and are far behind in the global competition.

Opportunities

  • The African Nation boosts a greater population of a young workforce for rural agriculture development.
  • There are a maximum amount of opportunities to help improve yields crops by the use of increased fertilizer and water irrigation systems for the fertile land.
  • The rise in demand for organic farm vegetables and fruits.
  • Bio-Diesel will provide improved demand for oilseeds.
  • Small Scale farmers mastering the technical skills with hone their talent to find prospect into the commercial industry.

Threats

  • Change of Climate in Sub-Sahara Africa will reduce the chances of crop production.
  • The majority of African farm’s lands are less than 2 hectares in size with an increase in transaction costs.
  • Sub-Saharan African Farmers are provided with the minimum incentive as compared to other countries of the world.
  • Pest and Weeds diseases in crops provide severe harm to field production.
  • The huge import competition provides serious harm to local farming trade.

Despite having all these positive and negative points, the future of agriculture in Africa is on a steady rise. The influx of modern and innovative mechanized farming is changing the face of farming in the country.