History of Agriculture

What is Agriculture?

Agriculture is a basic necessity for all human beings in the world and has been derived from the two essential terms of “Agri” n “Cultura” which means field and cultivation. It has an ancient historical background initially originated back from 20,000 BC with the domestication of plants and animals. Prior to agriculture, people used to live a nomadic hunter-style living as they hunt for animals and move out of the city to city with not any permanent place of residence. As the flock of animals started to move to other places, there was having a lack of food supply that was a time when people started a new way of plant cultivation system for a proper systematic arrangement of food supply for them on a constant basis. The first agricultural cultivation was started off in South Western Asia and Northern Africa with plantations of wild grains, barley, peas, lentils, chickpeas, and linen fiber. From that time on, agricultural farming became a strong need and necessity for humans to supplementing their food supply with an increase in population. The history of agriculture has been mainly categorized into different stages of prehistory, early civilization, modern agriculture farming, and ecological organic farming.

Pre-Historic Agriculture
The pre-historic era of agriculture describes the Stone Age nomadic hunter living when there was a tradition of making a prey of wild animals to serve as edible food. There was not a proper arrangement of a provision of the food supply. Due to climatic change and the retreating of glaciers, nomadic communities started to have a permanent settlement and initiated cultivating for food.

Early Agriculture Civilization
Early Civilization Era of Agriculture was started somewhere around 5000 BC. It was a time when there was a significant increase in agriculture cultivation with Sumerian, Egyptian, Indus Valley, ancient Chinese, Greek, and Roman civilization.  The Mesoamerica, Southern America, Northern America, and Australia are also valuable countries to flourish agriculture field farming.

Modern Agriculture Farming
The modernized farming era was introduced with the British agriculture revolution between the sixteenth and the mid-nineteenth century. They adopted the newest modes of mechanized farming techniques such as four-field crop rotation for maintaining soil nutrients and employed scientific fertilizing methods for boosting up soil productivity.

Organic Ecological Farming
Organic Ecological Farming is an eco-friendly way of agriculture farming that helps in increasing genetic diversity, natural soil cultivation, fertile soil structure, pests, and weeds control. It helps produces crops with better nutrition for a healthy root plantation system and also to maintain sustainable land fertility and biological soil activity. It minimizes in-organic waste and maximized crop productivity by avoiding conventional chemical pest fertilizers. It protects the healthy ecological environment with green manure, crop rotation, and mineral.  The no-till agriculture practice helps provide organic productive soil conditions with better results. Agriculture has a long transition from ancient to the modern way of farming. Tractors.pk is a leading supplier of advanced branded tractors which provides ease of farming and helps increases efficiency in performing complicated tasks in a simplified manner with less time and effort to raise productivity.