Agriculture and Climate Change

Agriculture is an essential source of producing and supplying food to the mass majority of people from the rural to the urban cities of the world. It involves a complete process of mechanized field tractor farming on a small and large area of arable land such as fertilizing, irrigating, crop rotating, seed planting, and crop harvesting, etc. This whole process requires a suitable amount of climate and weather conditions for organically growing field crops as a little bit change in climate can bring an unexpected disaster and badly damage field crops which can cause a huge financial loss for farmers with an increase in poverty and hunger. There is a strong relationship between agriculture and climate and a good combination of harmony can bring a positive change in flourishing agriculture all around the world because a majority of the countries today are entirely or partially dependent on a stable agriculture economy with a purpose to better fulfill the growing requirement of food and hunger on a global scale. The change of climate is caused by plenty of reasons such as global warming and greenhouse gas emissions. These two are major factors in depleting an ozone layer by widening a gap to emit harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun which is a real cause of changing weather conditions with increasing intensity of heat and cold in many parts of the world. The Greenhouse Gases include Carbon Di Oxide, Methane, and nitrous oxide which are extremely hazardous for environmental pollution and increase heat warming in the world. Deforestation is also a serious reason for climate change which can put negative impacts on the environment which can lead to adverse consequences for agriculture and badly damage yield crops such as excessive rainfall, drought, a rise in sea levels, melting of ice glaciers, and heavy stormwater cyclones. Tree plantation is the best remedy to reduce global warming as trees and forests provide a true shade in the heat and are helpful in generating an abundant source of fresh oxygen for a healthy eco-friendly environment. Organic farming is another beneficial way to help reduce global warming to the maximum extent and it also helps in producing natural healthy bio-diversity nutritious genetically modified food crops. GM Crops provide the best solution for tackling food security issues prevailing in the world by means of taking DNA Genes from plants to reproduce another plant of the same matching characteristics to help provide pest control and drought resistance with healthy fertile soil.

History of Massey Ferguson Tractors

Massey Ferguson is the world’s leading brand name in supplying top-quality agriculture farming equipment to consumers around the globe. It supplies a wide range of farm tractors and implements attachments to customers at better value prices and has become an ideal choice among small and large-sized farmers for its long-term durability and uncompromising quality. It also provides agricultural advice and specialized training to all farmers. It has a long successful history of 170 years and still keeping on to mark its true presence with a profound reputation in the farming industry for many years to come. Let’s peep inside to have a keen look at the glorious historic background era of Massey-Ferguson to share some interesting stories.

It all began in 1847 when Daniel Massey an American blacksmith businessman opened up a small workshop to manufacture simple farm implements in New Castle. He initially started with assembling parts and gradually after a period of time began designing his own equipment. His oldest son also joined the family-run business and shifted the location to Ontario, Canada where it flourished and expanded to become a multi-national farm equipment manufacturing company as what it is popularly known today. In 1993, Massey Ferguson was officially acquired by Allis-Gleaner Corporation popularly known as Agco.

It is a company formed in the year 1990 and represents five international agriculture equipment manufacturing brands named as Challenger, Fendt, GSI, Massey Ferguson, and Valtra. It offers a varied product line of tractors, combines, hay tools, sprayers, forage, tillage equipment, and parts. For the sake of innovative technology, it offers precision agriculture farming and mixed fleet farming operations to help increase yield productivity and productivity for all farmers around the world.

Which tractors are made in Pakistan?

The telemetry-based tracking system provides instant real-time machinery fleet tracking and helps in remote farming activities with a GPS Satellite System for better-optimized results for customers. In Pakistan, Massey Ferguson is distributed by Millat Tractor Group which is providing its service of excellence since 50 years. It deals with all range of 50 to 85 horsepower Massey Ferguson brand tractors and all attached agriculture farming implements such as a chisel, disc, and mould plough, tine tillers, offset disc harrow, front blade, agriculture loader, hydraulic tipping trolleys, jib crane, a post hole digger, lawnmower, and pneumatic pruning set for farmers in Pakistan and abroad for global countries.

Why Buy Tractors from Pakistan

Pakistan is an agriculture-based country where the majority of the rural population is based on large and small scale agriculture farming. In this modern era of mechanization, it becomes a basic need for every farmer to buy a well-equipped tractor that can assist farmers in ease of task operation to save both time and labor.

The core reason for purchasing tractors from Pakistan is the low-cost price with an attractive design and long-term durability. It has an affordable market for agriculture equipment such as tractors and implements as compared to other countries of the world. The cutting down of prices with fewer labor costs make it an ideal place to buy good quality branded tractors for both local and global farmers.

The government of Pakistan also provides many more incentives for all farmers to buy new tractors at reasonable prices to help promote and flourish agricultural farming in the country.

Nowadays, there has been an increase in market demand for tractors in Pakistan and farmers are now opting for branded tractors like Massey Ferguson, New Holland, IMT, Ursus, and Belarus. Among all these brands Massey Ferguson and New Holland are the most demanded tractors for all kinds of farmers in Pakistan and all around the world. These leading agriculture equipment brands possess a key reputation in the global industry and are ideal for farmers due to their light-weight robust structure and dynamic horsepower engine capacity ranges from 55 hp to 85 hp.

Tractors play a key role in mechanized agriculture farming in Pakistan which is helping in simplifying complex farming tasks like cultivating, seeding, plowing, and harvesting activities. Pakistan is the largest producer of wheat, cotton, and rice which are easily utilized by tractors with implements attachments to increase more opportunities to have a better chance of earning with more production and yield results for quality export worldwide for the boost of financial economy.

History of New Holland Tractors

New Holland is an internationally acclaimed agriculture farming equipment brand that specializes in a wide range of farming tractors, combine harvesters, balers, and forage harvesters. It also manufactures seeding machines, haying tools, and self-propelled sprayers with construction equipment. It has an outstanding historic background spanning 123 years with a huge celebration of a global successful market presence reaching over 170 countries worldwide including Northern America, Latin America, Europe, Asia, and the Middle Eastern region.

The history of New Holland was dated back to 1895 by the young man Abram Zimmerman initially founded the New Holland Machine Company by purchasing a horse barn in New Holland, Pennsylvania. At the young age of 26, he established his new business of blacksmith shop with a positive aim to manufacture and repair farm machinery for all the local farmers. Abe Zimmerman was a mechanical genius person who provided an extreme sense of innovation in machinery equipment by bringing fresh ideas such as the retailing of the German Ottoman four-cycle engine and later single-cylinder dual-fly wheel stationary engine known as Columbus. He also brought a prototype idea of manufacturing his own freeze-proof light-weight stationary engine and incorporated the New Holland Machine Company in the year 1903. The New Holland Machine Company produced many different kinds of horsepower stationary engine models with a range of ½ hp, 1 ½ hp, 2hp, 4 hp, and 5 hp, to 16 hp engine.

The current innovation is hydrogen and methane-powered productive range of tractors for energy independent farming with renewable fuel for an emission-free clean eco-friendly environment. It will provide better soil management and valuable control of water resources. The Case New Holland (CNH) is the latest merger of Case Corporation and New Holland which occurred on November 12, 1999. Case Corporation was founded by Jerome Increase Case in 1842 by the name of J.I Case Threshing Company. It was considered as one of the largest manufacturers of threshing machines and harvest equipment which also produced steam engines, self-propelled portable engines, traction engines, and steam tractors.

Today, Case CE and IH are two distinctive construction and agriculture equipment manufacturer brands with a globally recognized presence in the world. Pakistan has huge market demand for New Holland Tractors for agriculture farmers due to their durability, reliability, and versatility to perform all kinds of tasks with ease of farming operations. Al-Ghazi is the authorized name for distributing all range models of New Holland tractors locally and globally. It has a vast product line of NH 480 Power Steering, NH 480 S, NH 640, 640 S, New Holland 55-56, 60-56, and New Holland 70-56 (4WD). These tractors have a range of 55-85 horsepower capacity.

Organic and Non-Organic Farming

Organic and Non-Organic Farming are two completely different approaches in the agriculture farming industry which possess obvious differences between them. Organic Farming is a natural beneficial way of sustainable field crop farming which is highly essential for a healthy and eco-friendly environment to cultivate delicious nutritious vitamins and minerals enriched yield food crops for customers. It contains all essential factors such as green manure, composting, crop rotation, biological pest control, mulching, and intercropping. Non-Organic Farming is a harmful conventional way of quickly growing crops for the purpose of the increase in quantity in a short span of time. It employs all hazardous practices such as artificial synthetic chemical fertilizers and pesticides which provide severe damage to soil and make it less fertile to grow yield crops. The following are the comparative differences between organic and non-organic farming practices:

Crop Yield

Crop Yield is an essential factor to determine the amount of crop produced in an entire year of farming. The organic farming practice provides limitations of producing a larger quantity of crops due to the high nutritional value of soil. Conventional farming has the capability to produce maximum yield crops by means of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers to grow more crops in a less period of time.

Eco-Friendly Environment

The environment plays a vital role in better-nourished farming crops with good soil fertility. Organic farming is extremely beneficial for a healthy safer eco-friendly environment to help make fertile soil to produce nutrients enriched food crops. On the contrary, Conventional farming is really bad for the environment and causes adverse global effects like global warming and climate change which are disastrous for the farming industry.

Soil Health and Nutrition

Soil Health and Nutrition are core elements of farming which can result in better crop production with increased nutritional value.  Organic farming is a good practice for enhancing soil conditions with more productive fertility by means of crop rotation which helps cultivate fresh root-soil with mixed nutrients such as minerals and vitamins to provide delicious food crops for customers. On the other hand, Non-Organic farming destroys a soil condition with erosion and makes soil much dry and barren with the use of chemicals leaving no more chance of land cultivation for many years. By comparing both of the above farming practices, we see more beneficial features in the organic way of farming in terms of health, environment, and food safety. It has now become a positive trend to shift to organic farming to have a healthy better lifestyle with homemade delicious diet food.

How to Do Organic Farming

Organic farming is a complete process of naturally growing, composting, fertilizing, and harvesting yield crops for farmers with storage, processing, packaging, and shipping. It is a healthy alternative in farming without the use of synthetic fertilizers and helps maintains soil fertility by properly rotating crops to mix the maximum amount of nutrients into the soil for a delicious food diet. Moreover, it also helps control weeds, pesticides, and diseases by using animal livestock husbandry techniques. It provides a complete procedure of natural farming which involves vermicompost soil which means the breakdown of vegetables and food waste. Green leaf manure is ideal for softening and fertilizing soil for good soil cultivation. It is included with green leaves, grass clipping, and mulch. It helps improve soil structure and also increases water holding capacity with an east reduction of weeds and pests. Soil Management is a process of managing and protecting the long-term fertility of soils by maintaining organic matter levels, encouraging soil biological activity, and careful mechanical intervention.   The following methods are used for organic farming:

Crop Rotation

Crop Rotation is the process of rotating and systematically planting of crops in an arranged order to help maintain nutrients in the soil. It also helps reduces soil erosion and prevents plant diseases and pests. It provides proper row by row root seed planting with improved soil structure and fertility for growing and harvesting all kinds of food crops.

Soil Composting

Soil Composing is an essential part of organic farming and a key ingredient for healthy organic soil. It is a process of decomposition and recycling of waste food particles for the purpose of soil enhancement by boosting nutrient value into the soil for excellent fertility.

Mulching

Mulching is a covering layer on the surface of the soil to help conserve soil moisture, reduce weed growth, and improve the fertile health of the soil. Some of the essential mulching materials are weeds, crop residues, grass, cutting from hedges, and waste from agriculture processing.

Bio Fertilizer

Bio Fertilizer is an eco-friendly process of agro fertilization which is beneficial for organic farming as it contains dormant cells of microorganism means of fixing the availability of nutrients in the soil and causing improvement infertility of the soil.  It also maintains the natural habitat of soil by increasing yield crop by 20 percent and stimulates plant growth. Moreover, it can also help provide prevention against droughts and soil-borne diseases.

How To Increase Agriculture Farming While Using Tractors

How did the tractor improve agriculture?

tractor improve agriculture

Tractors are agricultural farming machines that have simply revolutionized the way of farming by making it more efficient and convenient. Today, there is much more ease for farmers than decades back when the traditional oxen cart method was used where there was two bullocks (oxen) were tied by a 4-wheeled wooden cart and forcefully used to drag it forward for the core purpose of plowing on fields. Modern tractor farming has brought a radical change in field farming by transforming the old conventional method of manual oxen farming into mechanization. It has reduced human effort to a maximum level and brought ease of comfort with more productivity in less time. Nowadays, tractors offer multiple uses and implementations for farmers to perform their task much effectively. There are plenty of benefits of increasing agriculture farming with the help of mechanized tractors:

Increased Crop Production

Maximizing Crop Production is the first and foremost benefit of agricultural mechanization as it greatly helps farmers to yield an increased amount of crops with less cost of labor. The cutting cost has provided a true advantage of quick task execution by saving a lot of money on extra manpower.

Better Productivity

Productivity is the essential element in agriculture farming where performance is increased by double with a rate of better efficiency of task execution and maximum crop production. Now, a farmer can easily cover a wide area of land for plowing, tilling, cultivating, planting, fertilizing, and seeding tasks.

Durability and Versatility

Durability and Versatility are two integral factors that cause more amount of work with longer hours of tractor working capability and performing a variety of tasks on a single machine. Implements attachment helps create a versatile mechanized task performance in less time for farmers.

Time-Saving

Time-Saving is a key reason for using tractor farming as it helps saves a lot of time and performs tasks in a few minutes which were used to be done in hours. It has simplified complex tasks with ease of efficiency for farmers. It has maximized results with the finest quality plowing, reaping, and crop cultivation.

Low Cost of Production

Tractor Farming has helped decreased the cost of work with less manpower labor and more efficient task output performance. It has rapidly increased the income of farmers by making them more prosperous than ever before. Tractors provide a lot of help in increasing farming productivity by doing complex tedious tasks in an easy and effective manner. It is built with a robust compact design with the dynamic powered engine to forcefully pull heavy loads with hydrostatic and power shift transmission for a smooth plough on the agricultural land field.

Crops of Africa – Agriculture Farming

The Vast Arable Land of Africa has long been an origin of producing diverse variations of crops which have been exported to global customers worldwide. Today, it provides feed to the largely growing population of the African continent by means of mechanized agricultural farming covering a wide area of land for cultivating all different kinds of cereal, vegetable, and fruit cash crops. There are countless species of crops grown on African land mainly cultivated crops are named as Sorghum Bicolor, Yam, Millet, Maize, and Cassava. Sorghum Bicolor is a native African field crop originated from Nigeria and better known as Camel of Crops because of the reason of commonly planted in tropical dry soil as well as good temperature and high altitude environment. It highly contributes to providing high-quality nutritious feed for 500 million people in more than 30 countries all around the world. This edible staple food crop is beneficially used for animal fodder such as poultry and cattle feed.

As a high nutritional value human food diet, it is used as an excellent resource of a fulfilled meals such as porridge, couscous, fermented bread, and snacks fully enriched with proteins, zinc, iron, phosphorous, and vitamin B –Complex. Yam is a kind of tropical tuber root crop having a cylindrical shape and rounded ends mostly cultivated in central, western, and eastern African regions. It is a largely grown crop in Sub-Saharan Africa with 54 million tons and mostly produced in Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Cote D’Ivoire. It helps in increasing soil fertility by means of weather conditions, seed quality, planting density, and many other related factors. It offers multi-nutritional value in food such as potassium, vitamin b6, manganese, thiamin, and vitamin C.

The Yam prepared meals are Amala, Pounded Yam, Fried Yam, Palm Oil Yam, and Roasted Yam. Some other popular Yam Varieties are White Yam, Chinese Yam, Bitter Yam, and Cush-Cush Yam. Millet is a whole cereal grain crop ideally used for both human food and animal fodder. It is mostly grown in the semi-arid tropical areas of Africa especially in Nigeria, Mali, Sudan, Ethiopia, Senegal, and Burkina Faso. It is a small-grained warm weather cereal food staple crop that is highly tolerant to drought and requires extreme weather conditions for cultivation.

The widely grown millet crop is pearl millet some other famous crop species are finger millet, proso millet, and foxtail millet. It contains an excellent nutritional value and mainly used in multiple varieties of food cuisines such as millet porridge. Maize is a cereal grain crop mostly planted in cold-tolerant temperature zones especially in the spring season. It has a shallow root system and basically dependent on soil moisture as a water-efficient crop. It is also commonly known as corn which is a highly beneficial edible food meal for humans composed of a rich amount of nutrients and used in corn oil, popcorn, sweet corn, corn flakes (breakfast cereal), porridge, snacks, and gluten-free bread. Some other commercial uses are herbal supplements, plastics, fabrics, adhesives, and biofuels.

Cassava is a highly valuable tropical root cash crop that provides a major source of food dietary energy from its starch. Africa produces 93 percent of the cassava in the world which is the highest consumed proportion of global cassava production. It is widely used in food, flour, animal feed, textile, and prepared foods. It is an essential food crop for both rural and urban populations of Sub-Saharan Africa such as Nigeria, Mozambique, Zambia, Congo, Ghana, Malawi, and Tanzania. It can be consumed as Root Cassava, Dried Cassava, and Cassava Leaves and contains a source of nutrients like Carbohydrates, Fiber, Thiamin, Phosphorous, iron, vitamin C, Potassium, Zinc, and Calcium. These are all essential food crops natively produced on African Land and helps provide food fulfills the challenging demand of the growing population of the country to have a healthy nutritious diet food.

Hand Tractor for Cultivating

What is hand tractor in agriculture?

Hand Tractor is a manually operated tractor tilling machine used for cultivating a bigger area of land. It is also popularly known as power tiller which is attached with high powered motorized horsepower engine 2-wheel tractor controlled by an operating person walking behind it for propelling a tractor ahead. It is a single axle walking type handheld tractor designed for performing difficult laborious farming chores such as turning, aerating, and cultivating the soil for easy planting crops and offers a tremendous capacity of preparing about 1 hectare of land in 8 to 10 hours of the specified time.

In which year the concept of power tiller was introduced?

Hand-Held Power Tiller was initially introduced in the year 1920 and later on launched in Japan in 1947 with a basic core purpose of aerating and preparing the soft fertile productive soil for harvesting with maximum yield crops. It is built with sets of sharp-edged blades known as tines composed of four curving cutting blades in opposite directions which are mounted on a gasoline or electric motor powered tractor for deeply piercing inside a lumpy clogged soil for rotating and inverting it to make a smooth and soft soil surface for easy plantation.

How do the tractor tilling machines help in farming?

The basic idea is to prepare nutrient-enriched fertile soil for growing crops for a healthy meal for customers. This multi-purpose light-duty hand tractor power tiller can be used for versatile agriculture farming task operations such as plow discs, soil leveler, thresher, and trailers. The core benefits of hand power tiller are an expansion of cultivable land, improved farming operations with ease of task execution, time-saving for farmers with less labor exhaustion, and more task efficiency. It provides key functions of tilling, loosening, ridging, furrowing, weeding, digging, cultivating, and can be used for any kind of hard, soft, moist, muddy, and paddy soil field. Moreover, it can help in growing a huge variety of crops such as tea, bamboo, banana, corn, potato, coconut, tomato, tapioca, and vegetables with a wide export market demand in Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Central Africa, and South America.

Hand Tractor is an easy to use tool ideal for agriculture farmers to smoothly perform all kinds of farming operations with no more exhaustion. It provides a lot of efficiencies and executes tasks quickly in less period of time. It is the best choice for all farmers around the world for easily performing difficult farming tasks with a high-performance electric power engine for quality yield crop plantation for better productivity.

Food Shortage By 2050

Food Shortage has always been a critical issue in poor underdeveloped countries in which people are deprived of a single bite even today. As the population is currently rising at a fast pace, it will soon reach 9.7 billion by 2050. The majority of the world population is presently suffering from chronic hunger and facing an acute challenge to double food production growth capacity in order to properly meet the growing demand of people with a healthy nutritious diet.

Agriculture farming is a valuable source of growing quality crops and today’s Farmers are much worried about how to increase their per-acre land yield productivity for maximizing food production for feeding more and more people in the world.

Global food security is becoming a serious threat nowadays and we need to devise sustainable agriculture farming strategies to tackle this complicated issue. Famine is a commonly used term to exactly describe a large-scale huge amount of insufficiency of food which causes severe sickening conditions such as starvation and malnutrition among people.

Population and Poverty are inter-related factors that are the main causes of a shortfall of food in the world. It seems like a herculean task to reduce hunger and equally distribute food among 8 billion people which will rapidly increase to 11 billion by 2050. Food Aid Programs by United Nations are appreciable practices in order to feed deprived people to have a healthy nutritious diet. To grow maximum crops, there must be a large extended area of arable agriculture land which is highly difficult to access nowadays due to natural disasters, urbanization, land grabbing, and many other factors.

Land Productivity is also a definite cause of food shortage as most of the land is barren due to the shortage of water resources which are the main elements of fertile productive soil for yield crops. Wastage of Food also causes severe scarcity of food which is a common practice among people nowadays. The leftover food should not be wasted unless rotten and should be eaten up to avoid useless loss of food which can cause a serious deficit in the future. We can consume fresh food on daily basis in small quantities and not cook more excess food which cannot be eaten and go to waste. Almost 1.3 billion tons of food is wasted every year which is which could lead to a huge crisis in the future so we must overcome this wastage by utilizing leftover food in a useful way.

Climate and Agriculture are perfectly inter-related to each other as little variation in climate cause a strong impact on agriculture which requires better weather conditions for healthy crop production. Change in Climate is affected by certain harmful environmental factors such as greenhouse gases depleting the ozone layer and causing global warming which is a reason for intensifying heat and cold weather in the world. The rising temperature of heat is melting the arctic glaciers which are creating a natural disaster like floods and droughts in many countries of the world to ruin their agricultural land and badly destroy crops and livestock creating an acute shortage of food on a global level. Inorganic fertilizers and pesticides are also a major cause of climatic change which provides adverse effects on nature.

Mechanized Farming is a significant way to easily overcome food shortage because it helps in faster efficient farming techniques to produce more yield crops on a large area of arable land to get fertile productive results on an instant basis. It provides more land cultivation in less amount of time to help grow quality crops which provide feed for billions of people all around the world. It is a really wise option to adopt mechanized agriculture farming for maximizing yield crops and earning a better livelihood for farmers as it lessens the burden of labor with ease of farming operations.

Food Shortage is a global issue that is growing at a worrisome rate the need is to implement wise strategic practices to increase the amount of nutrition enriched food to feed 11 billion people with a bellyful healthy meal diet. In the modern technological era of today, it is utmost necessary to employ the latest innovative farming techniques to provide food abundance for a growing world population for a better healthy future tomorrow.